“Phonic knowledge should continue to underpin spelling after key stage 1; teachers should still draw pupils’ attention to GPCs that do and do not fit in with what has been taught so far. Increasingly, however, pupils also need to understand the role of morphology and etymology.”
Department for Education (2014) The National Curriculum. English Appendix 1: Spelling. [Online].
In Year 5 and 6, students are introduced to new code knowledge (alternative spellings and alternative pronunciations), homophones (and near homophones), inflectional affixes, derivational affixes and final stable syllables.